Riccardo Faini CEIS Seminars

The Effects of Conventional and Unconventional Monetary Policy on Exchange Rates
May, 24th 2018 (12:00-13:30)
Room B - 1st floor

Barbara Rossi (Universitat Pompeu Fabra) 

Riccardo Faini CEIS Seminars

What are the effects of monetary policy on exchange rates? And have unconventional monetary policies changed the way monetary policy is transmitted to international financial markets? According to conventional wisdom, expansionary monetary policy shocks in a country lead to that country's currency depreciation. We revisit the conventional wisdom during both conventional and unconventional monetary policy periods in the US by using a novel identification procedure that defines monetary policy shocks as changes in the whole yield curve due to unanticipated monetary policy moves. The new approach allows monetary policy shocks to differ depending on how they affect agents' expectations about the future path of interest rates as well as their perceived effects on the riskiness/uncertainty in the economy. Our empirical results show that: (i) a monetary policy easing leads to a depreciation of the country's spot nominal exchange rate in both conventional and unconventional periods; (ii) however, there is substantial heterogeneity in monetary policy shocks over time and their effects depend on the way they affect agents' expectations; (iii) forward premia, instead, typically appreciate (depreciate) following a conventional monetary policy easing (tightening) but the opposite is true in unconventional times.